Thursday, June 22, 2017

Happy Birthday Canada!

                                        Saint Marie Among the Hurons, Midland, Ontario
                                      Photo  By Pjposullivan (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0    (], via Wikimedia Commons

This year Canada is celebrating 150 years since Confederation.  Here is a bit of history of the Catholic Church in Canada and some of the people who helped make Canada.
1535   Jacques Cartier arrives in Canada and erects a cross at Saint Servan on the northern coast of the St. Lawrence River
1611 - The first Jesuits arrive in New France (now Quebec)
            Samuel de Champlain founds the first Catholic colony in Quebec City.
1615    Fr. Joseph Le Caron, a Franciscan arrives in New France
1639   St. Marie L’incarnation (a nun of the French Ursuline Order who established the first girls’
school in New France), and Madeline de la Peltrie (a patron of the Ursuline Order) arrive in Quebec
          Jesuits establish St. Marie -Among -the Hurons near Midland, Ontario.
1642  Jeanne Mance, the first lay nurse in New France, establishes Montreal’s first hospital, Hôtel Dieu de Montréal.
1649  Jean de Brébeuf and Gabriel Lalemant are martyred in Saint Ignace near Midland, Ontario.
1659   St. Francois de Laval arrives in Quebec City as its new Bishop.
1659  St. Marguerite de Bourgeoys founds the Congregation of Notre-Dame
1737  St. Margeurite d’Youville founds the Sisters of Charity in Montreal (The Grey Nuns)
1841  Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate arrive in Montreal.
1843  Bl. Marie-Rose Durocher founds the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary in Longueil,
1861  Fr. Zépherin Gascon of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate (OMI) arrives in the Yukon
1864 - Father Lacombe worked among the Cree and Blackfoot aboriginals in Western Canada.
1882  Fr. Lacombe negotiated an agreement with Crowfoot, the Blackfoot leader ,that allowed the railway to pass through Blackfoot land. Crowfoot was given a lifetime pass to travel on the
railway by CPR president as was Lacombe. When the Northwest Rebellion erupted the Prime Minister enlisted Father Lacombe's assistance in assuring the neutrality of the Blackfoot Indians.  Fr. Lacombe translated the New Testament into Cree and wrote a grammar and a dictionary as well as a biography of Chief Crowfoot.
1867 -Canada’s Confederation
1873  Dominican priests arrive in St. Hyacinthe, Quebec
1873 - Convent of Discalced Carmelites is founded in Montreal
1885 - the transcontinental CPR railway was completed
1939  Benedictine Monks establish Westminster Abbey in Mission, BC
1967 - St. Joseph’s Oratory is completed in Montreal.

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